Existing stem cell research and diabetes

Stem cell research and diabetes treatment is an ongoing project and is displaying great promise.

Stem cell research and diabetes cure is an on-going project and it is showing great promise. The University of Pennsylvania is now conducting clinical studies for a new surgery known as Islet Cell Transplantation.

The newest procedure consists of transplanting islet cells from a matching donor. Beta islet cells are the cells from the pancreas that produce insulin. The method is for Type 1 diabetics whose Beta islet cells are already destroyed and so no insulin is produced. These me cholesterol patients must be on insulin therapy throughout their lives. Considering that the cells are transplanted to the liver, the body after the first transplant will give warning signs once the blood glucose is too low. Many Type 1 diabetics haven’t any warning and often just black out which may be hazardous when driving or performing other critical tasks.

Islet cell transplantation cannot treat many cases of Type 2 diabetes but is a feasible remedy for the over 700,000 folks in the United States who may have Type 1 diabetes. But, at present there aren’t adequate donors to go around with only around 3,500 donor organs available last year. Most patients at present need 2 transplantations to get absolutely off insulin therapy.

The solution to this issue is to make islets within the lab using stems cells. There is certainly research taking place using questionable embryonic stem cells as well as stem cells extracted from adults. But because of the ethical and political debate concerning stem cells this pathway to a cure is moving gradually. People who believe that life starts at conception strongly fight embryonic stem cell research because the cells come from human embryos that are destroyed in the process. Embryonic stem cells haven’t matured into human cells and have the greatest potential to grow to be any type of cells in the body, which includes hair, skin, blood, toenail and so forth.

Opponents for this research feel that adult stem cells extracted from adult bone marrow is the answer to this issue. But you’ll find studies which raise questions regarding the potential of these cells as therapies.

A recent published study noted that an intestinal hormone triggered stem cells obtained from a pancreas to be islet cells that secrete insulin – these are generally called beta cells, but there’s debate over this research and it has not had the opportunity to get reproduced.

Even though the research utilizing stem cells is in its infant stages quite a few scientists think that this research holds the most promise for fulfillment for diabetics in order to quit taking insulin injection after their bodies start generating the hormone naturally.

Stem cell research and diabetes cure is an ongoing project and is showing great promise in the fight to discover a cure for this long-term disease.